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Nantucket County 17COUNTY OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS Report on Examination of Basic Financial Statements and Additional Information Year Ended June 30, 2017 Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting and On Compliance and Other Matters Year Ended June 30, 2017 COUNTY OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS TABLE OF CONTENTS YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2017 Page INDEPENDENT AUDITORS' REPORT 1-2 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS 3-7 BASIC FINANCIAL STATEMENTS: Government-Wide Financial Statements: Statement of Net Position 8 Statement of Activities 9 Fund Financial Statements: Balance Sheet – Governmental Funds 10 Reconciliation of the Governmental Funds Balance Sheet Total Fund Balances to the Statement of Net Position 11 Statement of Revenues, Expenditures and Changes in Fund Balances – Governmental Funds 12 Reconciliation of the Statement of Revenues, Expenditures and Changes in Fund Balances of Governmental Funds to the Statement of Activities 13 Notes to Basic Financial Statements 14-31 REQUIRED SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Schedule of the County’s Proportionate Share of the Net Pension Liability 32 Schedule of the County’s Contributions to Pension Plan 32 Schedule of Funding Progress and Contribution Funding – Other Postemployment benefits 33 OTHER REPORTS: Independent Auditors’ Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting and on Compliance and Other Matters Based on an Audit of Financial Statements Performed in Accordance with Government Auditing Standards 34-35 INDEPENDENT AUDITORS' REPORT County Commissioners County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Nantucket, Massachusetts Report on the Financial Statements We have audited the accompanying financial statements of the governmental activities, each major fund, and the aggregate remaining fund information of the County of Nantucket, Massachusetts, (the County) as of and for the year ended June 30, 2017, and the related notes to the financial statements, which collectively comprise the County’s basic financial statements as listed in the table of contents. Management’s Responsibility for the Financial Statements Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of these financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America; this includes the design, implementation, and maintenance of internal control relevant to the preparation and fair presentation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error. Auditor’s Responsibility Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America and the standards applicable to financial audits contained in Government Auditing Standards, issued by the Comptroller General of the United States. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free from material misstatement. An audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. The procedures selected depend on the auditor’s judgment, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, the auditor considers internal control relevant to the entity’s preparation and fair presentation of the financial statements in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity’s internal control. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of significant accounting estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinions. Opinions In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the respective financial position of the governmental activities, each major fund and the aggregate remaining fund information of the County as of June 30, 2017, and the respective changes in financial position for the year then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 1 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page two Other Matters Required Supplementary Information Accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America require that the management’s discussion and analysis, the schedule of the County’s proportionate share of the net pension liability and contributions to pension plan, and the funding progress and contribution funding for other postemployment benefits be presented to supplement the basic financial statements. Such information, although not part of the basic financial statements, is required by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board, who considers it to be an essential part of financial reporting for placing the basic financial statements in an appropriate operational, economic or historical context. We have applied certain limited procedures to the required supplementary information in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America, which consisted of inquiries of management about the methods of preparing the information and comparing the information for consistency with management’s responses to our inquiries, the basic financial statements, and other knowledge we obtained during our audit of the basic financial statements. We do not express an opinion or provide any assurance on the information because the limited procedures do not provide us with sufficient evidence to express an opinion or provide any assurance. Other Reporting Required by Government Auditing Standards In accordance with Government Auditing Standards, we have also issued our report dated October 20, 2017 on our consideration of the County’s internal control over financial reporting and on our tests of its compliance with certain provisions of laws, regulations, contract, grant agreements and other matters. The purpose of that report is to describe the scope of our testing of internal control over financial reporting and compliance and the results of that testing, and not to provide an opinion on internal control over financial reporting or on compliance. That report is an integral part of an audit performed in accordance with Government Auditing Standards in considering the County’s internal control over financial reporting and compliance. Roselli, Clark & Associates Certified Public Accountants Woburn, Massachusetts October 20, 2017 County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 2 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements COUNTY OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS (A COMPONENT UNIT OF THE TOWN OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS) STATEMENT OF NET POSITION JUNE 30, 2017 Governmental Activities Assets: Cash and cash equivalents 4,601,257$ Receivables, net of allowance for uncollectibles: Intergovernmental 47,523 Capital assets, not being depreciated 3,283,842 Capital assets, net of depreciation 1,951 Total Assets 7,934,573 Deferred Outflows of Resources: Pension 73,202 Liabilities: Current liabilities: Accrued payroll and withholdings 59,563 Noncurrent liabilities: Due in more than one year 783,714 Total Liabilities 843,277 Deferred Inflows of Resources Pension 95,296 Net Position Net investment in capital assets 3,285,793 Restricted for: Other purposes 3,501,038 Unrestricted 282,371 Total Net Position 7,069,202$ See accompanying notes to basic financial statements. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 3 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements COUNTY OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS (A COMPONENT UNIT OF THE TOWN OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS) STATEMENT OF ACTIVITIES YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2017 Net (Expenses) Revenues and Changes in Program Revenues Net Position Operating Capital Total Charges for Grants and Grants and Governmental Functions/Programs Expenses Services Contributions Contributions Activities Governmental Activities: County adminstration 39,736$ 347,423$ 170,201$ -$ 477,888$ Registry of Deeds 543,815 373,959 - - (169,856) Cape Cod license plates 84,975 72,894 - - (12,081) Town assessment 250,000 250,000 - - - Total Governmental Activities 918,526 1,044,276 170,201 - 295,951 Total Primary Government 918,526$ 1,044,276$ 170,201$ -$ 295,951 General Revenues: Unrestricted investment income 9,234 Total general revenues and transfers 9,234 Change in Net Position 305,185 Net Position - beginning 6,764,017 Net Position - Ending 7,069,202$ See accompanying notes to basic financial statements. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 4 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements COUNTY OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS (A COMPONENT UNIT OF THE TOWN OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS) GOVERNMENTAL FUNDS BALANCE SHEET JUNE 30, 2017 Nonmajor Total Deeds Excise Governmental Governmental General Fund Funds Funds Assets Cash and cash equivalents 1,084,019$ 3,107,791$ 409,447$ 4,601,257$ Receivables, net of allowance Due from other government 47,523 - - 47,523 Due from other funds 16,200 - - 16,200 Total Assets 1,147,742 3,107,791 409,447 4,664,980 Total Deferred Outflows of Resources - - - - Total Assets and Deferred Outflows of Resources 1,147,742$ 3,107,791$ 409,447$ 4,664,980$ Liabilities Accrued payroll 59,563$ -$ -$ 59,563$ Due to other funds - 16,200 - 16,200 Total Liabilities 59,563 16,200 - 75,763 Total Deferred Inflows of Resources - - - - Fund Balances Restricted - 3,091,591 409,447 3,501,038 Unassigned 1,088,179 - - 1,088,179 Total Fund Balances 1,088,179 3,091,591 409,447 4,589,217 Total Liabilities, Deferred Inflows of Resources, and Fund Balances 1,147,742$ 3,107,791$ 409,447$ 4,664,980$ See accompanying notes to basic financial statements. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 5 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements COUNTY OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS (A COMPONENT UNIT OF THE TOWN OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS) RECONCILIATION OF THE GOVERNMENTAL FUNDS BALANCE SHEET TOTAL FUND BALANCES TO THE STATEMENT OF NET POSITION JUNE 30, 2017 Total Governmental Fund Balances 4,589,217$ Capital assets used in governmental activities are not financial resources and therefore are not reported in the funds.3,285,793 Deferred outflows and inflows of resources to be recognized in future pension expense are not available resources and, therefore, are not reported in the funds: Net difference between projected and actual earnings on pension plan investments 35,550 Changes in proportion and differences between employer contributions and proportionate share of contributions (86,730) Change in assumptions 37,099 Net differences in expected and actual experience (8,013) Long-term liabilities are not due and payable in the current period and, therefore, are not reported in the government funds: Other postemployment benefits (158,315) Net pension liability (625,399) Net Position of Governmental Activities 7,069,202$ See accompanying notes to basic financial statements. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 6 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements COUNTY OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS (A COMPONENT UNIT OF THE TOWN OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS) GOVERNMENTAL FUNDS STATEMENT OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES, AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCES YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2017 Nonmajor Total Deeds Excise Governmental Governmental General Fund Funds Funds Revenues: Excise taxes -$ 710,780$ -$ 710,780$ Intergovernmental 170,201 - - 170,201 Departmental 260,602 - 72,894 333,496 Investment income 9,190 44 - 9,234 Total Revenues 439,993 710,824 72,894 1,223,711 Expenditures: Current: County adminstration 39,084 - - 39,084 Registry of Deeds 383,004 12,764 - 395,768 Cape Cod license plates - - 83,581 83,581 Town assessment 250,000 - - 250,000 Total Expenditures 672,088 12,764 83,581 768,433 Excess (Deficiency) of Revenues Over (Under) Expenditures (232,095) 698,060 (10,687) 455,278 Other Financing Sources (Uses): Transfers in 250,000 - - 250,000 Transfers out - (250,000) - (250,000) Total Other Financing Sources (Uses)250,000 (250,000) - - Net Change in Fund Balances 17,905 448,060 (10,687) 455,278 Fund Balances - Beginning 1,070,274 2,643,531 420,134 4,133,939 Fund Balances - Ending 1,088,179$ 3,091,591$ 409,447$ 4,589,217$ See accompanying notes to basic financial statements. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 7 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements COUNTY OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS REQUIRED SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2017 SCHEDULE OF FUNDING PROGRESS Other Postemployment Benefits UAAL as a Actuarial Actuarial Unfunded Percentage Actuarial Value of Accrued AAL Funded Covered of Covered Valuation Assets Liability (AAL)(UAAL)Ratio Payroll Payroll Date (a)(b)(b-a)(a/b)(c)(b-a/c) 6/30/2016 4,142$ 328,665$ 324,523 1.3%N/A N/A 6/30/2014 - 416,517 416,517 0.0%N/A N/A 6/30/2012 - 272,602 272,602 0.0%N/A N/A SCHEDULE OF CONTRIBUTION FUNDING Other Postemployment Benefits Annual Year Ended Required Actual Percentage June 30,Contributions Contributions Contributed 2017 27,555$ 12,107$ 43.9% 2016 25,777 8,598 33.4% 2015 27,847 8,539 30.7% See accompanying independent auditor's report. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 8 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements Management’s Discussion and Analysis As the management of the County of Nantucket, Massachusetts (the County) we offer readers of these financial statements this narrative overview and analysis of the financial activities for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017. We encourage readers to consider the information presented here in conjunction with their review of the basic financial statements, notes to the basic financial statements and required supplementary information found in this report. Financial Highlights ▪ The County is a component unit of the Town of Nantucket. The Town’s financial statements include the County as a discretely presented component unit. ▪ The assets and deferred outflows of the County exceeded its liabilities and deferred inflows at the close of the most recent fiscal year by approximately $7.1 million (total net position). Of this amount, $0.3 million (unrestricted net positon) may be used to meet the government’s on-going obligations to citizens and creditors. ▪ The governmental net position increased approximately $0.3 million during the current fiscal year due to revenues in-excess of expenditures in the Deeds Excise Fund. ▪ At the close of the current fiscal year, the County’s general fund reported unassigned fund balance totaling $1.1 million, which was consistent with prior year. Overview of the Financial Statements This discussion and analysis are intended to serve as an introduction to the County’s basic financial statements. The basic financial statements comprise three components: 1) government-wide financial statements, 2) fund financial statements, and 3) notes to the financial statements. The governmental-wide financial statements provide both long-term and short-term information about the County as a whole. The fund financial statements focus on the individual components of the County government, reporting the County’s operations in more detail than the government-wide statements. Both presentations (government-wide and fund) allow user to address relevant questions, broaden the basis of comparison and enhance the County’s accountability. An additional part of the basic financial statements are the notes to the financial statements. This report also contains other required supplementary information in addition to the basic financial statements themselves. Government-wide Financial Statements - The government-wide financial statements are designed to provide readers with a broad overview of finances, in a manner similar to a private-sector business. The statement of net position presents information on all of assets, liabilities, and deferred inflows/outflows of resources, with the difference between the two reported as net position. Over time, increases or decreases in net position may serve as a useful indicator of whether the financial position is improving or deteriorating. The statement of activities presents information showing how the government’s net position changed during the most recent fiscal year. All changes in net position are reported as soon as the underlying event giving rise to the change occurs, regardless of the timing of related cash flows. Thus, revenues and expenses are reported in this statement for some items that will only result in cash flows in future fiscal periods (e.g., uncollected taxes and earned but unused vacation leave). County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 9 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements Both of the government-wide financial statements distinguish functions that are principally supported by taxes and intergovernmental revenue (governmental activities) from other functions that are intended to recover all or a significant portion of their costs through user fees and charges. The governmental activities include county administration, registry of deeds, corrections department, Cape Cod license plates and Town assessments. Fund Financial Statements - A fund is a grouping of related accounts that is used to maintain control over resources that have been segregated for specific activities or objectives. Fund accounting is used to ensure and demonstrate compliance with finance-related legal requirements. All of the County’s funds are reported as a governmental fund type. Governmental funds distinguish fund balance between amounts that are considered nonspendable, such as fund balance associated with inventories, and other amounts that are classified based on the relative strength of the constraints that control the purposes for which specific amounts can be spent. Beginning with the most binding constraints, fund balance amounts are reported in the following classifications: • Restricted – amounts constrained by external parties, constitutional provision, or enabling legislation • Committed – amounts constrained by a government using its highest level of decision- making authority • Assigned – amounts a government intends to use for a particular purpose • Unassigned – amounts that are not constrained at all will be reported in the general fund. Governmental Funds - Governmental funds are used to account for essentially the same functions reported as governmental activities in the government-wide financial statements. However, unlike the government-wide financial statements, governmental fund financial statements focus on near-term inflows and outflows of spendable resources, as well as on balances of spendable resources available at the end of the fiscal year. Such information may be useful in evaluating a government’s near-term financing requirements. Because the focus of governmental funds is narrower than that of the government-wide financial statements, it is useful to compare the information presented for governmental funds with similar information presented for governmental activities in the government-wide financial statements. By doing so, readers may better understand the long-term impact of the government’s near-term financing decisions. Reconciliations are provided in the financial statements to facilitate this comparison. The County maintains a number of individual governmental funds. Information is presented separately in the governmental fund balance sheet and in the governmental fund statement of revenues, expenditures, and changes in fund balances for the general fund and deeds excise fund, which are considered to be major funds. Data from the other governmental funds are combined into a single, aggregated presentation. Notes to the Financial Statements The notes provide additional information that is essential to a full understanding of the data provided in the government-wide and fund financial statements. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 10 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements Government-wide Financial Analysis The condensed statement of net position is as follows: As noted earlier, net position may serve over time as a useful indicator of a government’s financial position. The assets and deferred outflows of the County exceeded its liabilities and deferred inflows at the close of the most recent fiscal year by approximately $7.1 million (total net position). By far the largest portion, approximately $3.3 million (46.5%) of the County’s net position reflects its investment in capital assets (e.g. land, buildings, machinery, and equipment) less any related debt used to acquire those assets that is still outstanding. The County uses these capital assets to provide services to citizens; consequently, these assets are not available for future spending. The County does not currently carry any debt related to its capital assets. An additional portion of the County’s net position, approximately $3.5 million (49.5%) represents resources that are subject to external restrictions on how they may be used. The remaining balance, approximately $0.3 million (4.0%) represents unrestricted net position, which the County may use to meet current obligations. June 30, June 30, 2017 2016 Assets Currrent assets 4,648,780$ 4,152,383$ Capital assets, net 3,285,793 3,294,440 Total assets 7,934,573 7,446,823 Deferred Outflows of Resources Pension 73,202 79,669 Liabilities Current liabilities 59,563 18,444 Noncurrent liabilities 783,714 694,036 Total liabilities 843,277 712,480 Deferred Inflows of Resources Pension 95,296 49,995 Net Position Net investment in capital assets 3,285,793 3,294,440 Restricted 3,501,038 3,063,665 Unrestricted 282,371 405,912 Net Position 7,069,202$ 6,764,017$ County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 11 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements The condensed statement of changes in net position is as follows: Governmental Activities - The governmental net position increased approximately $0.3 million during the current fiscal year due to revenues in excess of expenses in the Deeds Excise Fund. The County continues to see vibrant operations as deed excise taxes have been well above expenses due to the robust high-end real estate market on the island. The Town relies significantly on charges for services which are largely made up of receipts from the Registry of Deeds. During 2017, charges for services made up 85.3% of total revenues which is consistent with 84.4% in the prior year. Additionally, operating grants and contributions comprised about 13.9% of total revenues, consistent with the 14.8% in the prior year. No other revenues were greater than 10% of the total revenues in fiscal year 2017 or 2016. The majority of expenses were directed to benefit the operation of the Registry of Deeds. Approximately 59.2% of total disbursements related to Registry of Deeds services, up from 43.4% in the prior year. This correlates with the decrease in county administration expense in prior year which represents 4.3% of total disbursements which is down significantly from the 16.8% in the prior year. This was mainly due to payments for right of easements for two properties by the county made in the prior year. Town assessments comprised 27.2% of current year expenses, consistent with 26.3% in 2016. Cape Cod June 30,June 30, 2017 2016 Revenues Program revenues: Charges for services 1,044,276$ 970,969$ Operating grants and contributions 170,201 170,201 General revenues: Unrestricted investment income 9,234 9,669 Total revenues 1,223,711 1,150,839 Expenses County administration 39,736 159,954 Registry of deeds 543,815 416,864 Cape Cod license plate 84,975 124,092 Town assessment 250,000 250,000 Total expenses 918,526 950,910 Change in net position 305,185 199,929 Net position, beginning of year 6,764,017 6,564,088 Net position, end of year 7,069,202$ 6,764,017$ County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 12 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements license plate expenses represented nearly 9.3% of total expenses, down slightly from 13.1% in the prior period. Financial Analysis of the Government’s Funds As noted earlier, the County uses fund accounting to ensure and demonstrate compliance with finance- related legal requirements. Governmental Funds - The focus of governmental funds is to provide information on near-term inflows, outflows, and balances of spendable resources. Such information is useful in assessing financing requirements. In particular, unassigned fund balance may serve as a useful measure of a government’s net resources available for spending at the end of the fiscal year. The general fund is the chief operating fund. At the end of the current fiscal year, unassigned fund balance, which represented all of the general fund balance, was approximately $1.1 million. As a measure of the general fund’s liquidity, it may be useful to compare fund balance to total fund expenditures. Unassigned fund balance and total fund balances represents approximately 162% of total general fund expenditures. The County’s governmental funds balance sheet reported a combined ending fund balance surplus of approximately $4.6 million. This represents an increase of approximately $0.5 million due to the excess of revenues over expenditures and transfers in the Deeds Excise Fund previously discussed. The Deeds Excise Fund is used to account for the proceeds from transactions at the Registry of Deeds. The fund is in a surplus position of $3.1 million due to the robust high-end real estate market on the island. The County’s General Fund reported an unassigned fund balance of approximately $1.1 million, which is consistent with the prior year. The County reported restricted fund balances of approximately $0.4 million in the combined nonmajor governmental funds, which is consistent with the prior year. Capital Asset and Debt Administration Capital Assets - The County’s investment in capital assets for its governmental activities as of June 30, 2017, amounts to approximately $3.3 million (net of accumulated depreciation), which is consistent with the prior year as annual depreciation is minimal. This investment in capital assets includes land and machinery and equipment. Additional information on the County capital assets can be found in Note II, Section D. of this report. Long-term Debt - At the end of the current fiscal year, the County had no long-term debt outstanding. Requests for Information This financial report is designed to provide a general overview of the County of Nantucket’s finances. For all those with an interest in the government’s finances, questions concerning any of the information provided in this report or request for additional financial information should be addressed to the Office of the Finance Director, 37 Washington Street, Nantucket, Massachusetts 02554. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 13 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements COUNTY OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS (A COMPONENT UNIT OF THE TOWN OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS) NOTES TO BASIC FINANCIAL STATEMENTS YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2017 I. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies The basic financial statements of the County of Nantucket, Massachusetts (the County) have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) as applied to state and local governments. GAAP is prescribed by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB), which is the primary standard-setting body for state and local governmental entities. The following is a summary of the more significant policies and practices used by the County: A. Reporting Entity The County of Nantucket adheres to the County Commissioner/County Manager form of government created under MGL Chapter 34A Section 18 and as voted by the citizens of the Town of Nantucket. The County is legally separate from the Town, but is included in the Town’s financial statements as a discretely presented component unit because the Town is financially accountable for, and can impose its will on, the County. The County shares the same geographical boundaries as the Town, and the Town’s Selectman serve ex-officio as the County Commissioners. The County operates a Registry of Deeds and Correction’s Office. For financial reporting purposes, the County has included all funds, organizations, account groups, agencies, boards, commissions and institutions. The County has also considered all potential component units for which it is financially accountable as well as other organizations for which the nature and significance of their relationship with the County are such that exclusion would cause the basic financial statements to be misleading or incomplete. It has been determined that there are no component units that meet the requirements for inclusion in the County’s financial statements. B. Government-Wide and Fund Financial Statements The government-wide financial statements (i.e., the statement of net position and the statement of activities) report information on all of the non-fiduciary activities of the County. These are considered Governmental activities because they are supported by intergovernmental revenues and departmental charges as opposed to business-type activities, which rely to a significant extent on user fees and charges for support. The County does not report any business-type activities. Separate financial statements are provided for governmental funds. Major individual government funds are reported as separate columns in the fund financial statements. Nonmajor funds are aggregated and presented in a single column. Major Fund Criteria – Major funds must be reported if both of the following criteria are met: 1) Total assets and deferred outflow of resources, liabilities and deferred inflow of resources, revenues, or expenditures/expenses of that individual governmental or enterprise funds are at least 10 percent of the corresponding total for all funds of that category or type, and County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 14 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements 2) Total assets and deferred outflow of resources, liabilities and deferred inflow of resources, revenues, or expenditures/expenses of the individual governmental fund or enterprise fund are at least 5 percent of the corresponding total for all governmental and enterprise funds combined. Additionally, any other governmental fund that management believes is particularly significant to the basic financial statements may be reported as a major fund. C. Measurement Focus, Basis of Accounting, and Financial Statement Presentation The government-wide financial statements are reported using the economic resources measurement focus and the accrual basis of accounting. Under this method, revenues are recorded when earned and expenses are recorded when a liability is incurred, regardless of the timing of related cash flows. Excise taxes are recognized as revenues in the fiscal year for which they are levied. Grants and similar items are recognized as revenue as soon as all eligibility requirements imposed by the provider are met. The statement of activities demonstrates the degree to which the direct expenses of a given function or segment is offset by program revenues. Direct expenses are those that are clearly identifiable with a specific function or segment. Program revenues include: 1) charges to customers or applicants who purchase, use, or directly benefit from goods, services, or privileges provided by a given function or segment and 2) grants and contributions that are restricted to meeting the operational or capital requirements of a particular function or segment. Other items not properly included among program revenues are reported instead as general revenues. For the most part, the effect of interfund activity has been removed from the government-wide financial statements. The governmental fund financial statements are reported using the current financial resources measurement focus and the modified accrual basis of accounting. Revenues are recognized when susceptible to accrual (i.e. measurable and available). Revenues are considered to be available when they are collectible within the current period or soon enough thereafter to pay liabilities of the current period. Expenditures are recorded when the related fund liability is incurred, except for interest on general long-term debt which is recognized when payment is due, certain compensated absences, claims and judgments which are recognized when the obligations are expected to be liquidated with current expendable available resources. The government reports the following major governmental funds: General Fund – is the government’s primary operating fund. It accounts for all financial resources of the general government except those required to be accounted for in another fund. Deeds Excise Fund – is used to account for the proceeds from transactions at the Registry of Deeds. Nonmajor Governmental Funds - consist of other special revenue and permanent funds that are aggregated and presented in the Nonmajor Governmental Funds column on the Governmental Funds financial statements. The following describes the general use of these fund types: County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 15 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements Special Revenue Funds - are used to account for the proceeds of specific revenue sources that are restricted or committed to expenditures for specified purposes other than debt service or capital projects. D. Assets, Liabilities, Deferred Outflows/Inflows of Resources and Net Position or Equity Deposits and Investments – The County’s cash and cash equivalents are considered to be cash on hand, demand deposits, and short-term investments with original maturities of three months or less from the date of acquisition. Investments are recorded at fair value in accordance with GASB Statement No. 72, Fair Value Measurement and Application. Accordingly, the change in fair value of investments is recognized as an increase or decrease to investment assets and investment income. Receivables – The recognition of revenue related to accounts receivable reported in the government-wide financial statements are reported under the accrual basis of accounting. The recognition of revenue related to accounts receivable reported in the governmental funds financial statements are reported under the modified accrual basis of accounting. Departmental and other receivables consist of various departmental revenues earned at year-end and received subsequent to year-end, net of allowance for uncollectible accounts. Allowance for uncollectible accounts are estimated based upon historical trends and specific account analysis. Intergovernmental receivables consist of various federal and state grants for operating and capital purposes that are applied for and received annually. For non-expenditure driven grants, receivables are recognized as soon as all eligibility requirements imposed by the provider have been met. For expenditure driven grants, receivables are recorded when the qualifying expenditures are incurred and all other grant applications are met. These receivables are considered 100% collectible and therefore do not report an allowance for uncollectible accounts. Inventories – Inventories, which are not material to the basic financial statements, are considered to be expenditures at the time of purchase. Capital Assets – Capital assets, which include land, buildings and improvements, machinery and equipment, vehicles and infrastructure (e.g. roads, utility mains, and similar items), are reported in the applicable governmental columns in the government-wide financial statements. Capital assets are recorded at historical cost or estimated historical cost if purchased or constructed. Donated capital assets are recorded at the estimated fair market value at the date of donation. All purchases and construction costs in excess of $10,000 whose expected lives are greater than one year are capitalized at the date of acquisition or construction. The costs of normal maintenance and repairs that do not add to the value of the asset or materially extend assets lives are not capitalized. Capital assets (excluding land) are depreciated using the straight line method over the following estimated useful lives: Machinery and equipment 5-7 years County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 16 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements Interfund Balances – Activity between funds that are representative of lending arrangements outstanding at the end of the fiscal year are referred to as either due to/from other funds or advances to/from other funds. All other outstanding balances between funds are reported as due to/from other funds. Interfund Transfers – During the course of its operations, resources are permanently reallocated between and within funds. These transactions are reported as transfers in and transfers out in the individual fund statements. Investment Income – Investment income derived from major and nonmajor governmental funds is legally assigned to the general fund unless otherwise directed by state law. Long-term Obligations – Long-term debt is reported as liabilities in the government-wide statement of net position. Bond premiums and discounts are amortized over the life of the bonds using the effective interest method. Bond anticipation notes payable are reported net of the applicable bond premium or discount. In the governmental fund financial statements, the face amount of long-term debt issued is reported as other financing sources. Premiums received on a debt issuance are reported as other financing sources while discounts are reported as other financing uses. Issuance costs are exclusively reported as general government expenditures regardless of whether they are withheld from the actual proceeds. Deferred Outflows/Inflows of Resources – In addition to assets, the statement of financial position will sometimes report a separate section for deferred outflows of resources. This separate financial statement element, deferred outflows of resources, represents a consumption of net position that applies to a future period(s) and so will not be recognized as an outflow of resources (expense/expenditure) until then. The County has one item that is reported on the government- wide statement of net position which relate to outflows from changes in the net pension liability. The deferred pensions will be recognized in pension expense in future years as more fully described in Note III, subsection A. In addition to liabilities, the statement of financial position will sometimes report a separate section for deferred inflows of resources. This separate financial statement element, deferred inflows of resources, represents an acquisition of net position that applies to a future period(s) and so will not be recognized as an inflow of resources (revenue) until that time. The County has one item that qualifies for reporting in this category. This item is the net difference between projected and actual investment earnings on pension investments which will be recognized in pension expense in future years as more fully described in Note III, subsection A. Net Position – In the government-wide financial statements, net position reported as “net investment in capital assets” includes capital assets, net of accumulated depreciation, less the principal balance of outstanding debt used to acquire capital assets. Unspent proceeds of capital related debt are not considered to be capital related debt. Net position is reported as restricted when amounts are not available for appropriation or are legally restricted by outside parties for a specific use. Net position has been restricted for the following: Other purposes represent assets that are restricted by donors for specific governmental programs and uses. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 17 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements Fund Equity – In the fund financial statements, fund balance for governmental funds is reported in classifications that comprise a hierarchy based primarily on the extent in which the County is required to honor constraints on the specific purpose for which amounts in the funds can be spent. Fund balance is reported in five components – nonspendable, restricted, committed, assigned, and unassigned as described below: Nonspendable represents amounts that cannot be spent because they are either (a) not in spendable form (i.e. inventory or prepaid) or (b) legally or contractually required to be maintained intact as the corpus of the endowment. Restricted represents amounts that have constraints placed either externally by third-parties (creditors, grantors, contributors, or laws or regulations of other governments) or by law through constitutional provisions or enabling legislation. Enabling legislation authorizes the County to assess, levy, charge or otherwise mandate payment of resources (from external resource providers) and includes a legally enforceable requirement (compelled by external parties) that those resources be used only for the specific purposes stipulated in the legislation. Committed represents amounts that can only be used for specific purposes pursuant to constraints imposed by formal action of the County’s highest level of decision making authority, which consists of the County Commissioners. Those committed amounts cannot be used for any other purpose unless the County Commissioners remove or change the specified use by taking the same type of action it employed previously to commit those amounts. Assigned represents amounts that are constrained by the County’s intent to be used for specific purposes, but are neither restricted nor committed. Unassigned represents amounts that have not been restricted, committed or assigned to specific purposes within the general fund. The general fund is the only fund that reports a positive unassigned fund balance amount. Other governmental funds besides the general fund can only report a negative unassigned fund balance amount. When both restricted and unrestricted resources are available for use, it is the County’s policy to use restricted resources first, then unrestricted resources (committed, assigned and unassigned) as they are needed. When unrestricted resources (committed, assigned and unassigned) are available for use it is the County’s policy to use committed resources first, then assigned, and then unassigned as they are needed. The County has not established financial policies with respect to maintaining minimum fund balance amounts. The County does not report encumbrances in any of its funds. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 18 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements The following table reflects the County’s fund equity categorizations: E. Deficits During the fiscal year ended, the County did not report any fund deficits. F. Use of Estimates The preparation of basic financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure for contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the basic financial statements and the reported amounts of the revenues and expenditures/expenses during the fiscal year. Actual results could vary from estimates that were used. II. Detailed Notes to All Funds A. Deposits and Investments A cash and investment pool is maintained that is available for use by all funds. Each fund type’s portion of this pool is displayed on the balance sheet as “cash and cash equivalents”. The deposits and investments of trust funds are held separately from those of other funds. State laws and regulations require the County to invest funds only in pre-approved investment instruments which include but are not necessarily limited to bank deposits, money markets, certificates of deposit, U.S. obligations, repurchase agreements, and State Treasurer’s investment pool (“the Pool”). In addition, the statutes impose various limitations on the amount and length of investments and deposits. Repurchase agreements cannot be for a period of over ninety days, and the underlying security must be a United States obligation. During the fiscal year, the County did not enter into any repurchase agreements. Custodial Credit Risk: Deposits- The County has adopted a deposit policy which requires that the Treasurer review each bank doing business with the County on a quarterly basis. The policy does not restrict the value of uninsured or uncollateralized investments held at any time. At year-end, the carrying amount of the County's deposits was $4,601,257 and the bank balance was $4,615,019. Of the County's bank balance, $4,342,993 was covered by either federal Nonmajor General Deeds Excise Intergovernmental Fund Fund Funds Total Restricted: County adminstration -$ 1,425,040$ -$ 1,425,040$ Registry of Deeds - 1,665,144 - 1,665,144 Corrections Department - 1,407 - 1,407 Cape Cod license plates - - 226,911 226,911 State and Federal grants - - 182,536 182,536 Unassigned 1,088,179 - - 1,088,179 1,088,179$ 3,091,591$ 409,447$ 4,589,217$ County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 19 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements depository insurance or by the Depositors’ Insurance Fund (DIF) and the remaining balance was uninsured. Custodial Credit Risk: Investments- The County has adopted an investment policy regarding custodial credit risk that requires all securities not held directly by the Treasurer must be held by a third-party custodian approved by the Treasurer in the County’s name and tax identification number At year-end, the County’s investments consisted of certificates of deposit totaling $42,958 which were covered by federal depository insurance and were not subject to custodial credit risk. These have been classified as cash equivalents due to their maturities. Fair Value of Investments – The County reports its investments at fair value. When actively quoted observable prices are not available, the County generally uses either implied pricing from similar investments or valuation models based on net present values of estimated future cash flows (adjusted as appropriate for liquidity, credit, market and/or other risk factors). The County categorizes its fair value measurements within the fair value hierarchy established by GAAP. This hierarchy is based on valuation inputs used to measure the fair value of the asset or liability. The three levels of the hierarchy are as follows: • Level 1 – Inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical investments at the measurement date. • Level 2 – Inputs (other than quoted prices included in Level 1) are either directly or indirectly observable for the investment through correlation with market data at the measurement date and for the duration of the instrument’s anticipated life. • Level 3 – Inputs reflect the County’s best estimate of what market participants would use in pricing the investment at the measurement date. At year-end the certificates of deposits were classified under Level 1. Interest Rate Risk - The County limits investment maturities as a means of managing its exposure to fair value losses arising from increasing interest rates. The policy limits investments of operating funds to one year or less and limits investment maturities of trust funds and other special funds to periods no longer that seven years, maintaining an average maturity no greater than three years for the investment portfolio Credit Risk - The County restricts the investment of operating funds to U.S. Treasury or Agency securities which carry “AAA” ratings. Trust and other special funds which are longer-term investments may invest in fixed-income securities which are held principally for capital preservation and income potential and corporate debt that carries a rating of “A” or better by either Standard and Poor’s or Moody’s rating services. If a security falls below the “A” rating, the security will be monitored by the Treasurer and advisor and will be noted as an exception to the policy if held in the investment portfolio. The Treasurer will sell the securities if a decline in value is expected. Concentration of Credit Risk – The County does not place a limit on the amount that may be invested in any one issuer. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 20 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements B. Receivables Receivables as of year-end for the County’s individual major governmental funds in the aggregate, including the applicable allowances for uncollectible accounts, are as follows: C. Interfund Receivables, Payables and Transfers The composition of interfund balances for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017, is as follows: The outstanding balances between funds results mainly from the timing differences between the dates that the transactions occur and the transfers of cash to the individual funds are made. Interfund transfer for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017, are summarized as follows: Gross Allowance for Net Amount Uncollectibles Amount Receivables: Intergovernmental 47,523$ - 47,523$ 47,523$ -$ 47,523$ Amount General Fund Deeds Excise Fund 16,200$ Total 16,200$ Receivable Fund Payable Fund General Fund Deeds Excise Fund 250,000$ (1) Total 250,000$ (1) Transfer to the general fund for Town assessments. Transfers In Transfers Out County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 21 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements D. Capital Assets Capital asset activity for the year ended June 30, 2017 was as follows: E. Long–Term Obligations The following reflects the current year activity in the long-term liability accounts: The long-term obligations are expected to be liquidated from the general fund. Beginning Ending Balance Increases Decreases Balance Governmental Activities Capital assets not being depreciated: Land 3,283,842$ -$ -$ 3,283,842$ Total capital assets not being depreciated 3,283,842 - - 3,283,842 Capital assets being depreciated: Machinery and equipment 187,927 - (107,965) 79,962 Total capital assets being depreciated 187,927 - (107,965) 79,962 Less accumulated depreciation for: Machinery and equipment (177,329) (8,647) 107,965 (78,011) Total accumulated depreciation (177,329) (8,647) 107,965 (78,011) Total capital assets being depreciated, net 10,598 (8,647) - 1,951 Governmental activities capital assets, net 3,294,440$ (8,647)$ -$ 3,285,793$ Depreciation expense was charged to functions/programs as follows: Governmental Activities: County adminstration 652$ Registry of Deeds 6,601 Cape Cod license plates 1,394 8,647$ Beginning Ending Due within Description of Issue Balance Additions Deletions Balance one year Governmental Activities: Other postemployment benefits 142,867$ 27,555$ (12,107)$ 158,315$ -$ Net pension liability 551,169 149,511 (75,281) 625,399 - Total Activities 694,036$ 177,066$ (87,388)$ 783,714$ -$ County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 22 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements Annually, the County is assessed by the Town of Nantucket for debt the Town has in its’ name relating to “Sheriff Space”. Since the debt is in the Town’s name it is shown as a town assessment in the County’s financial statements. During the year ended June 30, 2017, the assessment was $250,000. III.Other Information A.Retirement System Pension Plan Description – The County of Nantucket contributes to the Barnstable County Retirement System (System), a cost-sharing multiple-employer defined benefit pension plan. The System was established under Chapter 32 of Massachusetts General Laws. The System is administered by the County and is part of the reporting entity. Stand-alone financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2016 were issued and are available at the Retirement Office, 750 Attucks Lane, Hyannis, Massachusetts 02601. Membership in the System for all employers as of January 1, 2016 (the date of the latest actuarial valuation report) was as follows: Retirees and beneficiaries currently receiving benefits 2,937 Inactive members 622 Active members 4,699 8,258 Benefit Terms – Membership in the System is mandatory for all full-time employees and non- seasonal, part-time employees who, in general, regularly work more than twenty-five hours per week. Members of the System do not participate in the federal Social Security retirement system. Massachusetts contributory retirement system benefits are uniform for each municipal retirement system. The System provides for retirement allowance benefits up to a maximum of 80% of a participant’s highest three-year or five-year average annual rate of regular compensation, depending on the participant’s date of hire. Benefit payments are based upon a participant’s age, length of creditable service, level of compensation and job classification. The most common benefits paid by the Retirement System include normal retirement, disability retirement and survivor benefits. Normal retirement generally occurs at age 65. However, participants may retire after twenty years of service or at any time after attaining age 55, if hired prior to April 2, 2012 or at any time after attaining age 60 if hired on or after April 2, 2012. Participants with hire dates subsequent to January 1, 1978 must have a minimum of ten years’ creditable service in order to retire at age 55. Participants become vested after ten years of service. Benefits commencing before age 65 are provided at a reduced rate. Members working in certain occupations may retire with full benefits earlier than age 65. Ordinary disability retirement is where a participant is permanently incapacitated from a cause unrelated to employment. Accidental disability retirement is where the disability is the result of an injury or illness received or aggravated in the performance of duty. The amount of benefits to be received in such cases is dependent upon several factors, including the age at which the disability retirement occurs, the years of service, average compensation and veteran status. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 23 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements Survivor benefits are extended to eligible beneficiaries of participants whose death occurs prior to or following retirement. Cost-of-living adjustments granted to members of Massachusetts retirement systems granted between 1981 and 1997 and any increases in other benefits imposed by the Commonwealth during those years have been the financial responsibility of the Commonwealth. Beginning in 1998, the funding of cost-of-living amounts became the responsibility of the participating units like the Retirement System. Contributions Requirements – The System has elected provisions of Chapter 32, Section 22D (as amended) of Massachusetts General Laws, which require that a funding schedule be established to fully fund the pension plan by June 30, 2040. Under provisions of this law, participating employers are assessed their share of the total retirement cost based on the entry age, normal actuarial cost method. The County contributed $50,456 to the System in fiscal year 2017, which equaled the actuarially- determined contribution requirement for the fiscal year. The County’s contributions as a percentage of covered payroll was approximately 20% in fiscal year 2017. Net Pension Liability – At June 30, 2017, the County reported a liability of $625,399 for its proportionate share of the net pension liability. The net pension liability was measured as of January 1, 2016 and the total pension liability used to calculate the net pension liability was determined by an actuarial valuation as of that date. These figures were updated by the independent actuary to December 31, 2016. There were no material changes made in this update to the actuarial assumptions (see below) nor were there any material changes to the Retirement System’s benefit terms since the actuarial valuation. The County’s proportion of the net pension liability is based on a projection of the County’s long- term share of contributions to the System relative to the projected contributions of all employers. The County’s proportion was approximately 0.089% at December 31, 2016, versus 0.092% at December 31. 2015. Fiduciary Net Position – The elements of the System’s basic financial statements (that is, all information about the System’s assets, deferred outflows of resources, liabilities, deferred inflows of resources and fiduciary net position) can be found in the System’s full financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2016, which can be obtained by contacting the Retirement Board. The System’s fiduciary net position was determined using the accrual basis of accounting. The System’s accounting records are maintained on a calendar-year basis in accordance with the standards and procedures established by the Commonwealth’s Public Employee Retirement Administration Commission, or PERAC. Contributions from employers and employees are recognized in the period in which they become due pursuant to formal commitments, statutory or contractual requirements. Benefit payments (including refunds of employee contributions) are recorded when incurred, regardless of the timing of payment. Investments are reported at fair value; fair value is determined as the price one would receive in an orderly transaction between market participants at a measurement date. Pension Expense – The County recognized $75,281 in pension expense in the statement of activities in fiscal year 2017. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 24 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements Deferred Outflows of Resources and Deferred Inflows of Resources – At June 30, 2017, the County reported deferred outflows of resources and deferred inflows of resources related to pensions from the following sources: The deferred outflows of resources and deferred inflows of resources are expected to be recognized in the County’s pension expense as follows: Actuarial Valuation – The measurement of the System’s total pension liability is developed by an independent actuary. The latest actuarial valuation was performed as of January 1, 2016. The significant actuarial assumptions used in the January 1, 2016 actuarial valuation included: Actuarial cost method: Entry age normal Amortization method: Appropriations increase at 5.28% per year Remaining amortization period: 20 years from July 1, 2016 for 2002 and 2003 Early Retirement Incentives, retiree sheriff’s liability and remaining unfunded liability; and 6 years from July 1, 2016 for 2010 Early Retirement Inventive Investment rate of return: 7.625%, net of pension plan investment expenses, including inflation Cost of living adjustments: 3% on the first $16,000 of benefits as of July 1, 2015, $17,000 as of July 1, 2016 and $18,000 as of July 1, 2017 Asset valuation method: A preliminary actuarial value is first determined by Deferred Outflows Deferred Inflows of Resources of Resources Differences between expected and actual experience -$ 8,013$ Changes of assumptions 37,099 - Net difference between projected and actual earnings on pension plan investments 35,550 - Changes in proportion and differences between County contributions and proportionate share of contributions 553 87,283 Total 73,202$ 95,296$ Year ended June 30, 2018 (2,017)$ 2019 (2,017) 2020 (2,232) 2021 (13,190) 2022 (2,638) (22,094)$ County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 25 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements taking the actuarial value of assets at the beginning of the year and adding assumed investment earnings (at the assumed actuarial rate of return) and the net new money during the year (contributions less benefit payments and administrative expenses). Twenty percent of the difference between the market value of assets as reported in the Retirement System’s Annual Statement and the preliminary actuarial value of assets is added to the preliminary actuarial value. In order for the actuarial value to not differ too significantly from the market value of assets, the final actuarial value of assets must be within 20% of the market value of assets. Projected salary increases: Varied by length of service with ultimate ranges of 4.25%, 4.50% and 4.75% for groups 1, 2 and 4, respectively Rates of retirement: Varies based upon age for general, police and fire employees Rates of disability: For general employees, it was assumed that 45% of all disabilities are ordinary (55% are service connected); for police and fire employees, 10% of all disabilities are assumed to be ordinary (90% are service connected) Mortality rates: Pre-retirement rates reflect the RP-2000 Employee Mortality Table projected generationally with Scale BB2D for 2009 Healthy retiree rates reflect the RP-2000 Healthy Annuitant Mortality Table projected generationally with Scale BB2D from 2009 Disabled retiree rates reflect the RP-2000 Healthy Annuitant Table projected generationally with Scale BB2D from 2015 The System’s investment policy in regard to the allocation of its invested assets is established by the Commonwealth’s Pension Reserves Investment Management Board. System assets are managed on a total return basis with a long-term objective of achieving a fully-funded status for the benefits provided through the pension plan. The long-term expected rate of return on pension plan investments was determined using a building-block method in which best-estimate ranges of expected future real rates of return (expected returns, net of pension plan investment expense and inflation) are developed for each major asset class. These ranges are combined to produce the long-term expected rate of return by weighting the expected future real rates of return by the target asset allocation percentage and by adding expected inflation. Best estimates of arithmetic real rates of return for each major asset class included in the pension plan's target asset allocation as of January 1, 2016 are summarized in the following table: County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 26 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements Discount Rate – The discount rate used to measure the total pension liability in the January 1, 2016 actuarial valuation report was 7.625%, which represents a decrease from the 7.75% in the previous actuarial valuation. The projection of cash flows used to determine the discount rate assumed plan member contributions will be made at the current contribution rate and that contributions will be made at rates equal to the actuarially determined contribution rate. Based on those assumptions, the System’s fiduciary net position was projected to be available to make all projected future benefit payments of current plan members. Therefore, the long-term expected rate of return on pension plan investments was applied to all periods of projected benefit payments to determine the total pension liability. Sensitivity Analysis – The following presents the County’s proportionate share of the net pension liability calculated using the discount rate of 7.625% as well as the County’s proportionate share of the net pension liability using a discount rate that is one percentage point lower (6.625%) or one percentage point higher (8.625%) than the current rate: 1% Decrease (6.625%) Current Discount (7.625%) 1% Increase (8.625%) County’s proportionate share of the net pension liability $ 795,825 $ 625,399 $ 481,650 B. Other Postemployment Benefits (OPEB) Plan Description – Nantucket County’s employees participate in the single employer defined benefit healthcare plan administered by the Town. The Plan provides health and life insurance benefits to current and future retirees, their dependents and beneficiaries in accordance with Massachusetts General Law Chapter 32B. Specific benefit provisions and contribution rates are established by collective bargaining agreements, state law, and Town ordinance. All benefits are provided through the Town’s self-funded insurance program described previously. The Plan does not issue a stand–alone financial report. For the purpose of the Plan, which at June 30, 2016 (the date of the latest actuarial valuation) had 542 active employees and 372, retirees, beneficiaries and dependents for a total of 914. Long-Term Target Expected Real Asset Class Allocation Rate of Return Domestic equities 18.00% 6.44% International equities: Developed markets 16.00% 7.40% Emerging markets 6.00% 9.42% Core fixed income 13.00% 2.02% High-yield fixed income 10.00% 4.43% Real estate 10.00% 5.00% Commodities 4.00% 4.43% Hedge fund, GTAA, Risk parity 13.00% 3.75% Private equity 10.00% 10.47% County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 27 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements Funding Policy – The contribution requirements of Plan members and the County are established through collective bargaining agreements. Retirees contribute approximately 20% of the calculated contribution primarily through pension benefit deductions. The remainder of the cost is funded by the County. The County currently contributes enough money to the Plan to satisfy current obligations on a pay-as-you-go basis. The costs of administering the Plan are paid by the County. Funding Status and Funding Progress – The funded status of the Plan at June 30, 2017 for the Town, for which the County is a component unit and is included, for the most recent actuarial valuation performed as of June 30, 2016, was as follows: Annual OPEB Cost and Net OPEB Obligation – The County's annual OPEB cost is calculated based on the annual required contribution (ARC) of the employer, and actuarially determined amount that is calculated in accordance with GASB Statement number 45, Accounting and Financial Reporting by Employers for Postemployment Benefits Other Than Pensions. The ARC represents a level of funding that, if paid on an ongoing basis, is projected to cover normal cost each year and amortize any unfunded liabilities over a period not to exceed thirty years. The following table reflects the activity regarding the County's OPEB obligation: Trend information regarding County’s annual OPEB cost, the percentage of the annual OPEB cost contributed and the net OPEB obligation is as follows: Actuarial value of assets (a)1,341,213$ Actuarial accrued liability (AAL) (b)105,351,555 Unfunded AAL (b-a)104,010,342 Funded ration (a/b)1.3% Covered payroll (c)N/A UAAL as a percentage of covered payroll (b-a)/c N/A Annual required contribution (ARC)22,731$ Interest on net OPEB obligation 5,715 Adjustment to ARC (891) Annual OPEB cost 27,555 Contributions made (12,107) Increase in net OPEB obligation 15,448 Net OPEB obligation at beginning of year 142,867 Net OPEB obligation at end of year 158,315$ County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 28 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements The Annual OPEB Cost at June 30, 2017 was charged to the Registry of Deeds functional expense. Actuarial valuations of an ongoing plan involve estimates of the value of reported amounts and assumptions about the probability of occurrence of events into the future. Amounts determined regarding the funded status of the Plan and the ARC of the employer are subject to continual revision as estimates are compared to actual results and past expectations. The schedules of funding progress, presented as required supplementary information (RSI) following the notes to the financial statements, present multi-year trend information about whether the actuarial values of plan assets are increasing or decreasing over time relative to the AAL for benefits. Methods and Assumptions – Projections of benefits for financial reporting purposes are based on the substantive Plan and include the types of benefits provided at the time of each valuation and the historical pattern of sharing of benefit costs between the employer and the Plan members to that point. The actuarial methods and assumptions used include techniques that are designed to reduce short-term volatility in actuarial accrued liabilities and the actuarial value of assets, consistent with the long-term perspective of the calculations. The significant methods and assumptions as of the latest valuation are as follows: Actuarial cost method: Individual entry age normal Amortization method: Amortized increasing at 4.0% per year over 30 years at transition Remaining amortization period: 21 years at June 30, 2016 Investment rate of return: 4.00% per annum Actuarial valuation of assets: Market value Healthcare trend rates: Increasing 5% per year General inflation assumption: 2.75% per annum Annual compensation increases: 3.00% per annum Mortality rates: Pre-, post- and disabled retirement rates reflect the RP-2000 Employee Mortality Table projected generationally with Scale BB and a base year 2009 C. Risk Financing The County is exposed to various risks of loss related to torts: theft of, damage to and destruction of assets; errors and omissions; and natural disasters for which the County carries commercial insurance. The amount of claim settlements has not exceeded insurance coverage in any of the previous three years. Annual Percentage of Fiscal Year OPEB Cost AOPEBC Net OPEB Ended (AOPEBC)Contributed Obligation June 30, 2017 27,555$ 44%158,315$ June 30, 2016 25,777 33%142,867 June 30, 2015 27,847 31%125,688 County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 29 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements D.Commitments and Contingencies The County is party to certain legal claims, which are subject to many uncertainties, and the outcome of individual litigation matters in these situations cannot be reasonably estimated. Although the amount of liability, if any, in these situations at June 30, 2017, cannot be ascertained, management believes that the resulting liability, if any, should not materially affect the basic financial statements of the County at June 30, 2017. Other amounts received or receivable from grantor agencies are subject to audit and adjustment by grantor agencies, principally the federal and state governments. Any disallowed claims, including amounts already collected, may constitute a liability of the applicable funds. The amount, if any, of expenditures which may be disallowed by the grantor cannot be determined at this time although the County expects such amounts, if any, to be immaterial. E.Implementation of New GASB Pronouncements Current Year Implementations In June 2015, the GASB issued GASB Statement No. 74, Financial Reporting for Postemployment Benefit Plans Other than Pension Plans. GASB 74’s objective was to improve the usefulness of information about postemployment benefits other than pensions included in the general purpose external financial reports of state and local governmental OPEB plans for making decisions and assessing accountability. The provisions of this Statement became effective for the County in fiscal year 2017. The County does not maintain a separate OPEB trust fund nor does it administer an OPEB plan; rather these services are performed and accounted by the Town. In December 2015, the GASB issued GASB Statement No. 78, Pensions Provided through Certain Multiple-Employer Defined Benefit Pension Plans. The provisions of GASB 78 were applicable to certain government pension plans that (i) are not administered as a trust by a state or local governmental pension plan, (ii) are shared between governmental and nongovernmental employees, and (iii) have not predominant state of local governmental employer. The provisions of this Statement became effective for the County in fiscal year 2017. The adoption of GASB No. 78 did not have a material effect on the County. In January 2016, the GASB issued GASB Statement No. 80, Blending Requirements for Certain Component Units. The provisions of GASB 80 apply to component units that are organized as not-for-profit corporations in which the primary government is the sole corporate member. Such component units should be included in the reporting entity financial statements using the blending method. The provisions of this Statement became effective for the County in fiscal year 2017. The adoption of GASB No. 80 did not have a material effect on the County. In March 2016, the GASB issued GASB Statement No. 82, Pension Issues – an amendment of GASB Statements No. 67, No. 68, and No. 73. The objective of GASB 73 was to address issues raised with respect to previously issued statements related to pensions. The provisions of this Statement became effective for the County in fiscal year 2017. The adoption of GASB No. 82 did not have a material effect on the County. Future Implementations In June 2015, the GASB issued GASB Statement No. 75, Accounting and Financial Reporting for Postemployment Benefits Other Than Pension Plans. GASB 75 establishes new accounting and financial reporting requirements for governments whose employees are provided with OPEB, as well as for certain nonemployer governments that have a legal obligation to provide financial County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 30 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements support for OPEB provided to the employees of other entities. The provisions of this Statement are effective for financial reporting periods beginning after June 15, 2017 (fiscal year 2018). The County is currently evaluating whether adoption will have a material impact on the financial statements. In March 2016, the GASB issued GASB Statement No. 81, Irrevocable Split-Interest Agreements. The objective of the Statement is to improve accounting and financial reporting for irrevocable split-interest agreements by providing recognition and measurement guidance for situations in which a government is a beneficiary of the agreement. The provisions of this Statement are effective for financial reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 (fiscal year 2018) and should be applied retroactively. The County is currently evaluating whether adoption will have a material impact on the financial statements. In November 2016, the GASB issued GASB Statement No. 83, Certain Asset Retirement Obligations. The objective of the Statement is to address accounting and financial reporting for certain asset retirement obligations that have legally enforceable liability associated with the retirement of a tangible capital asset. The provisions of this Statement are effective for financial reporting periods beginning after June 15, 2018 (fiscal year 2019). The County is currently evaluating whether adoption will have a material impact on the financial statements. In January 2017, the GASB issued GASB Statement No. 84, Fiduciary Activities. The objective of the Statement is to improve guidance regarding the identification of fiduciary activities for accounting and financial reporting purposes and how these activities should be reported. The provisions of this Statement are effective for financial reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 (fiscal year 2020). The County is currently evaluating whether adoption will have a material impact on the financial statements. In May 2017, the GASB issued GASB Statement No. 86, Certain Debt Extinguishment Issues. The objective of the Statement is to improve consistency in accounting and financial reporting for in-substance defeasance of debt. The provisions of this Statement are effective for financial reporting periods beginning after June 15, 2017 (fiscal year 2018). The County is currently evaluating whether adoption will have a material impact on the financial statements. In June 2017, the GASB issued GASB Statement No. 87, Leases. This Statement redefines the manner in which long-term leases are accounted and reported. The provisions of this Statement are effective for financial reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019 (fiscal year 2021). The County is currently evaluating whether adoption will have a material impact on the financial statements. * * * * * * County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 31 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements COUNTY OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS (A COMPONENT UNIT OF THE TOWN OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS) RECONCILIATION OF THE STATEMENT OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES, AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCES OF GOVERNMENTAL FUNDS TO THE STATEMENT OF ACTIVITIES YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2017 Net Change in Fund Balances - Total Governmental Fund Balances 455,278$ Governmental funds report capital outlays as expenditures. However, in the Statement of Activities the cost of those assets is allocated over their estimated useful lives and reported as depreciation expense. This amount represents the net amount of depreciation expense in excess of capital outlay. The amounts are represented here as reconciling items: Depreciation expense (8,647) Net effect of reporting capital assets (8,647) Some expenses reported in the Statement of Activities do not require the use of current financial resources and therefore are not reported as expenditures in the governmental funds: Other postemployment benefits (15,448) Pension benefits (125,998) Net effect of reporting long-term liabilities (141,446) Change in Net Position of Governmental Activities 305,185$ See accompanying notes to basic financial statements. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 32 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements COUNTY OF NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS REQUIRED SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION - PENSIONS YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2017 SCHEDULE OF THE COUNTY'S PROPORTIONATE SHARE OF THE NET PENSION LIABILITY Year Ended December 31, 2016 2015 2014 County's proportion of the net pension liability (asset)0.09%0.09%0.09% County's proportionate share of the net pension liability (asset)625,399 551,169 518,581$ County's covered-employee payroll *251,848$ 242,700$ 240,934$ County's proportionate share of the net pension liability (asset) as a percentage of its covered-employee payroll 248.3%227.1%215.2% Plan fiduciary net position as a percentage of the total pension liability 57.28%58.10%60.43% SCHEDULE OF THE COUNTY'S CONTRIBUTIONS TO PENSION PLAN Year Ended June 30, 2017 2017 2016 2015 Actuarially determined contribution 50,456$ 47,272$ 47,839$ Contributions in relation to the actuarially determined contribution 50,456 47,272 47,839 Contribution deficiency (excess) -$ -$ -$ County's covered-employee payroll * 251,848$ 242,700$ 240,934$ Contributions as a percentage of covered-employee payroll 20.03%19.48%19.86% * Covered employee payroll as reported in the actuarial valuation report. The County is a member of the Barnstable Country Contributory Retirement System. Stand-alone, audited financial statements may be obtained by contacting the Barnstable County Retirement System at 750 Attucks Lane, Hyannis, MA 02601. This schedule is presented to illustrate the requirement to show information for ten years. However, until a full ten-year trend is compiled, information is presented for those years in which information is available. See accompanying independent auditors' report. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 33 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements INDEPENDENT AUDITORS’ REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING AND ON COMPLIANCE AND OTHER MATTERS BASED ON AN AUDIT OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS PERFORMED IN ACCORDANCE WITH GOVERNMENT AUDITING STANDARDS County Commissioners County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Nantucket, Massachusetts We have audited, in accordance with the auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America and the standards applicable to financial audits contained in Government Auditing Standards issued by the Comptroller General of the United States, the financial statements of the governmental activities, each major fund, and the aggregate remaining fund information of the County of Nantucket, Massachusetts (the “County”), as of and for the year ended June 30, 2017, and the related notes to the financial statements, which collectively comprise the County’s basic financial statements, and have issued our report thereon dated October 20, 2017. Internal Control Over Financial Reporting In planning and performing our audit of the financial statements, we considered the County’s internal control over financial reporting (internal control) to determine the audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances for the purpose of expressing our opinions on the financial statements, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the County’s internal control. Accordingly, we do not express an opinion on the effectiveness of the County’s internal control. A deficiency in internal control exists when the design or operation of a control does not allow management or employees, in the normal course of performing their assigned functions, to prevent, or detect and correct, misstatements on a timely basis. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the entity’s financial statements will not be prevented, or detected and corrected on a timely basis. A significant deficiency is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control that is less severe than a material weakness, yet important enough to merit attention by those charged with governance. Our consideration of internal control was for the limited purpose described in the first paragraph of this section and was not designed to identify all deficiencies in internal control that might be material weaknesses or, significant deficiencies. Given these limitations, during our audit we did not identify any deficiencies in internal control that we consider to be material weaknesses. However, material weaknesses may exist that have not been identified. County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 34 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page Two Compliance and Other Matters As part of obtaining reasonable assurance about whether the County’s financial statements are free of material misstatement, we performed tests of its compliance with certain provisions of laws, regulations, contracts and grant agreements, noncompliance with which could have a direct and material effect on the determination of financial statement amounts. However, providing an opinion on compliance with those provisions was not an objective of our audit, and accordingly, we do not express such an opinion. The results of our tests disclosed no instances of noncompliance or other matters that are required to be reported under Government Auditing Standards. Purpose of this Report The purpose of this report is solely to describe the scope of our testing of internal control and compliance and the results of that testing, and not to provide an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity’s internal control or on compliance. This report is an integral part of an audit performed in accordance with Government Auditing Standards in considering the entity’s internal control and compliance. Accordingly, this communication is not suitable for any other purpose. Roselli, Clark & Associates Certified Public Accountants Woburn, Massachusetts October 20, 2017 County of Nantucket, Massachusetts Page 35 of 35 Basic Annual Financial Statements