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Draft 20 South Water Street Reuse Plans_201401231020026067A DESIGN FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR THE RE-USE OF THE FORMER POLICE STATION BUILDING AT 20 SOUTH WATER ST. TOWN OF NANTUCKET, MA DECEMBER 21, 2011 The scope of the study: The Existing Conditions Assessment Space Programming / Space Needs Analysis Development of Conceptual Designs Options Development of Preferred Options Plans & Preparation of Detailed Cost Estimates The findings of the study: Existing Conditions: 1. Structure - A complete renovation will require structural reinforcement and supplemental framing connections to meet current wind and seismic requirements under the Massachusetts State Building Code . 2. Life Safety and Emergency Egress - The building will also need modification or replacement of the non- compliant exit doors, corridors, stairs; as well as new fire alarm and emergency lighting. 3. Accessibility - The level of renovations needed , regardless of any building additions, will require complete compliance with current ADA and Mass. Architectural Access Board Regulations. New compliant improvements will be required for both outside the building and throughout the interior; including but not limited to new accessible routes and entries, new toilet rooms, and a required elevator to provide access to all floor levels. 4. Site – In addition to any repaired sidewalks and new hardscape & landscaping improvements between the towns buildings on the block, work on the site will need to include new utility connections and the installation of new storm water and drainage management systems. 5.Exterior Façade – The existing masonry exterior of the 20 South Water St. building needs numerous repairs including; • Masonry repairs, cleaning and re-pointing. •Conduct selective masonry cutting for additional testing and inspection especially around doors and windows to determine the extent of selective replacement of steel lintels and the associated flashings. • Selective trim and flashing replacement will be required and should be done in association with all new gutters and downspouts for better storm water control. • The town should also consider new storm rated impact resistant windows of a historically compatible type and the replacement of the original missing cupola. The findings of the study: Existing Conditions (continued): 6.Roofing - The existing roof is in need of a complete replacement of the deficient asphalt roof shingles; including all associated underlayment layers, flashings and sealants. 7. Thermal and Moisture Protection- Incorporate new insulation and vapor retarder assemblies to improve insulation/ thermal performance and meet current code requirements 8. Interior Materials & Finishes – Replacement of all interior finishes consistent with a public/office building as required by any new layout is appropriate at this time. 9. Conveying Systems – A renovation of any size will require a code-required elevator for staff & public use. 10. Mechanical-Electrical-Plumbing & Fire Protection (MEP&FP) – The building is in need of a complete replacement of the existing MEP systems due to aged, low efficiency or non-functioning equipment. New code-compliant, energy efficient systems suitable for the intended office and public uses should be installed. An increase in the size of the building, of a minimum of 1150 SF will also require a new automatic fire sprinkler system, however it is recommended even for a smaller renovation only as well. An increased electrical service and transformer size will also be required to meet current and future electrical demand. 11. Hazardous Materials Investigation – Testing for asbestos and lead paint containing materials was conducted. A modest amount of these materials were encountered, probably due to the precious renovations and abatements. A relatively low cost for materials removal and disposal has been estimated for any renovation program. The findings of the study: Space Needs Analysis: The following priorities were established and refined over the course of the study. 1.The first priority from the start was, and continues to be, to provide space for all of the “Mooney Building” Finance Department staff , thus allowing the town to dispose of The Mooney Building as previously approved by the town. Part of this priority included incorporating Assessing & Collections as a group and providing dedicated secure file/record storage with proper climate control and fire protection. 2.Second, the renovation, was to provide accommodations for the Sheriff and space for the Nantucket Police Department presence. 3.As feasible. space would be dedicated to Human Resources and Human & Social Services. Early Options also included space for the NRTA, as space in the smaller design options is limited, this was ultimately not included. 4.The larger design options also considered the relocation of the Planning Dept. from 2 Fairgrounds Rd. as well as the Building, Health, HDC and Con Com Departments from the Annex building at 37 Washington St. Ultimately the largest of the design options were dismissed and the ability to house one or only a few of the smaller departments led to the decision to not include them in either Option A or B. The findings of the study: The Conceptual Design Options: “Option A” - proposed a fairly simple renovation only of the existing former police station with no increase in building area. “Option B” - proposed the “base” renovation plus an expansion of 3100 Gross Sq. Ft. that would replace the NRTA Building. “Option C” - proposed a larger expansion (+/- 4800 GSF) to provide for a physical connection between the Town & County building and the former police station. “Option D” - the largest of the options, proposed replacing the current Visitor’s Center in addition to the NRTA Building. This was the only option large enough (+/7100 GSF) to fully consolidate all of the town departments back into the downtown area. “Option “E” - proposed the replacement of the Visitor’s Center and the NRTA Building and providing a direct addition/ connection to the Town & County building. This Option left 20 S. Water St. “as is” freeing up the building for whatever use the town might wish. (i.e. Lease / Disposition…) The findings of the study: Identification of the Preferred Design Option and the Detailed Cost Estimates: •Ultimately Options C, D and E were removed from consideration for numerous reasons, primarily due to project size and cost. •Due to a lack of consensus for either Option A or Option B, the decision was made to further the design of each and prepare detailed cost estimates for each. •Detailed estimates of the construction cost for each Option were prepared by A. M. Fogarty & Associates, Inc. •BLF&R Architects used these figures to create a “Preliminary Total Project Cost Estimate” for each option which projects all of the Owner’s additional soft costs and a grand total for each option. The findings of the study: BLF&R findings and recommendation to build Design Option B: 1.It is BLF&Rs opinion that Design Option A will not fully meet the programmatic or space needs of the town departments under consideration for relocation 2.The cost involved with renovating only 20 South Water St. as a standalone building is very high, on a unit basis (i.e. Cost per Square Foot) and the low “Economy of Scale” and resulting net usable area. 3.Although Design Option B has 52% more Gross Square Feet it provides an additional 88% of Net Usable Square Feet. This would allow for additional departmental uses, proper record storage and flexibility going forward. 4.Option B not only replaces the space of the Mooney Building, it also very effectively replaces the NRTA Building and provides needed space in the Town and County Building. 5.The cost differential between Option A & B may appear significant; however the “premium costs” involved with phasing the project will add significant dollars over time. 6.It should be considered critical that the town find solutions to provide public buildings that are functional, fully accessible to the public and also properly accommodate both the public employees and the public records they are charged with maintaining. The following figures represent the deltas between Options A-1 and Option B described above with the initial increases and escalations at 5 and 10 years out. NOTE: Escalations include 3% compounded yearly over the initial increases. Current Construction Cost Differential between A-1 & B Current Soft Cost Differential between A-1 & B Current Total additional cost of Option B $1,199,505 $399,852 $1,599,357 Total Increase over time/change Initial Increase factor 1.5 $1,799,257 Initial Increase factor 1.25 $499,815 $2,299,072 $699,715 5 years out $2,025,080 $562,546 $2,587,626 $988,269 10 years out $2,347,623 $652,146 $2,999,768 $1,400,411 GSF NSF Eff. Factor GSF NSF Eff. Factor GSF NSF GSF NSF Eff. Factor EXISITNG CONDITIONS 6325 5235 82.8%1050 800 76.2%4134 2750 66.5%11509 8785 76.3% Design Option "A"6325 5217 82.5%1050 800 76.2%0 0 7375 6017 81.6% Design Option "B"9622 8264 85.9%0 0 0 0 9622 8264 85.9% NOTES: 3. Gross Square Footage (GSF) - The total square footage for a facility measured from the outside wall surfaces of the building. 4. Net Square Footage (NSF) - Net square footage is the total usable square footage of a facility as measured from the inside wall surface of each room. Included in this figure are non-assignable areas such as mechanical rooms, common corridors, etc. Total of space affected on three sites does not include any work at Town and County Building Shows space lost due to demolition of exising building in Scheme B Only Assumes disposition of building / site in both Schemes A & B 1. Does not include or account for +/- 1300 Net Square Feet of space freed-up for re-use inside the existing Town & County Building by moving Finance Department staff to 20 South Watre Street. 20 South Water Street East Chestnut St - the NRTA Building 22 Federal St. the Mooney building 2. Nor does it account for any other chages to the +/- 6800 NSF of space inside the T& C Building currenly in use by the Town, excluding the Courts and RMV. EXISTING TOWN & COUNTY BUILDINGREUSE/ REPROGRAM VACANT SPACESNEW INTERNALCORRIDORCONNECTIONRENOVATEDMEMORIAL PLAZAREMOVE EXISTING NRTA BUILDING TO ALLOW FOR“6)7:26725<$'',7,21 +$5'CONNECTION TO TOWN HALLPARTIAL OR FULL REMOVAL & TWO STORYRECONSTRUCTION OF BACK "ELL" TO ALIGNFLOORS AND PROVIDE MORE HEAD ROOMxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxNEW EXITBROAD STREETSOUTH WATER STREET CHESTNUT STREETFEDERAL STRE E T EXISTINGVISITOR'SCENTER TOREMAINEXISTING HCENTRY/ EXITRENOVATION OF EXISTING 20 S.WATER STREET BUILDING “*6) NEW SHERIFFENTRYOPTIONAL COURTYARDCONNECTIONBROWN LINDQUIST FENUCCIO & RABERARCHITECTS, INC.20 SOUTH WATER STREET STUDY01 . 28 . 2011NANTUCKET, MACONCEPTUAL SCHEME "C" - NRTA REMOVAL W/ NEW TWO STORY CONNECTOR NEW EXITBROAD STREETSOUTH WATER STREET CHESTNUT STREETFEDERAL S T R E E T PUBLIC MEETING/CONFERNCE ROOMTAXASSESSORTAXCOLLECTORNRTALOBBYMENWOMENMECH.NEW CORRIDOR CONNECTION SHERRIFFSTOR.NEW CORRIDORCONNECTION EXT'G VISITOR'SCENTER TO REMAINFIRST FLOOREXPANDEDTOWN CLERK'SSPACEEXT'G REGISTRYOF DEEDEXT'GSTORAGELICENSINGNEW WOMEN'S ROOM EXT'G MEN'S ROOMTO BE RELOCATEDWITHIN BUILDINGEXT'G MECHANICALROOMNEW CONFERENCEROOMEXT'G CONFERENCEROOMELEV.ELEV.MECH.ROOMASSISTANT TOWNMANAGEREXT'G TOWNMANAGER'SSECRETARYEXT'G TOWNMANAGEREXT'G REGISTRYOF DEEDEXT'GVAULTEXT'G CORRIDOREXT'G REGISTRYOF DEEDEXT'GVAULTEXT'GVAULTEXT'GVAULTPROCUREMENTTAX ASSESSOR'SOFFICEEXT'G CORRIDOREXT'G TAXCOLLECTORRELOCATED TONEW ADDITION.EXT'G TAX ASSESSORRELOCATED TO NEWADDITION.EXT'G TAX ASSESSORRELOCATED WITHINBUILDINGEXT'G LICENSINGRELOCATED WITHINBUILDINGEXT'G ASST. TOWNMANAGER RELOCATEDWITHIN BUILDINGNEW SHERIFFENTRYPOTENTIAL LEASESPACE FOR RETAIL OROTHER PUBLIC USESTAIRSELEV.RELOCATED EXIT STAIRSOPTIONAL TERRACEEXT'G VAULT TO BERENOVATED TO NEWTAX ASSESSOR'SOFFICESTOR.NEW MEN'SROOMOFFICE SPACECIRCULATIONTOWN CLERK'S OFFICEx“6)LICENSINGx“6)PROCUREMENTx“6)x“6)x“6)TOWN & COUNTY BUILDINGASST. TOWN MANAGERx“6)SUPPORT SPACECONFERENCE ROOMx“6)x“6)BATHROOMSx“6)TAX ASSESSORx“6)STORAGEx“6)OFFICE SPACESHERIFFSUPPORT SPACECIRCULATIONPLANNING (N/A)x“6)x“6)x“6)x“6)NRTAx“6)x“6)PUBLIC CONF. ROOMMECH. & STORAGEx“6)20 S. WATER STREETFINANCE OFFICESTAX COLLECTOR (INCL. VAULT SPACE)x“6)TAX ASSESSORx“6)x“6)x“6)POTENTIALLEASE SPACEx“6)BROWN LINDQUIST FENUCCIO & RABERARCHITECTS, INC.20 SOUTH WATER STREET STUDY01 . 28 . 2011NANTUCKET, MACONCEPTUAL SCHEME "C" - NRTA REMOVAL W/ NEW TWO STORY CONNECTOR BROAD STREETSOUTH WATER STREET CHESTNUT STREETFEDERAL S T R E E TBROAD STREETSOUTH WATER STREET CHESTNUT STREETFEDERAL S T R E E T MENWOMENNEW CORRIDOR CONNECTION CONF.STOR.STOR.HUMANRESOURCESHUMAN &SOCIALSERVICESFINANCEFINANCEFINANCEREVISED SECURITYCHECKPOINTOFFICESPACEBREAKROOMRMV TO REMAINUNISEXBATHROOMROOMSECOND FLOORELEV.EXT'G SUPERIORCLERKEXT'GVAULTEXT'GCLOSETEXT'GPROBATEEXT'GJURYELEV.ELEV.MECH. RMEXT'GOFFICEEXT'GCOURTROOMEXT'G JUDGE &JUVENILESEXT'GCORRIDOREXT'G DISTRICTCLERKEXT'GJUDGEEXT'GSTORAGEEXT'GCLOSETEXT'GVAULTNEW CONFERENCEROOMEXT'G SHERIFF'SOFFICE RELOCATEDTO 20 S. WATER ST.EXT'G MEN 'SBATHROOMRELOCATED TO20 S. WATER ST.x“6)SUPPORT SPACETOWN & COUNTY BUILDINGCIRCULATIONx“6)x“6)FINANCE OFFICESSTORAGESUPPORT SPACECIRCULATIONx“6)x“6)x“6)OFFICE SPACEHUMAN & SOCIAL SERVICESx“6)HUMAN RESOURCESx“6)x“6)OFFICE SPACEx“6)20 S. WATER STREETCONFERENCE RM.x“6)BROWN LINDQUIST FENUCCIO & RABERARCHITECTS, INC.20 SOUTH WATER STREET STUDY01 . 28 . 2011NANTUCKET, MACONCEPTUAL SCHEME "C" - NRTA REMOVAL W/ NEW TWO STORY CONNECTOR BROAD STREETSOUTH WATER STREET CHESTNUT STREETFEDERAL STRE E TEXISTING TOWN & COUNTY BUILDINGREUSE/ REPROGRAM VACANT SPACESNEW INTERNALCORRIDORCONNECTIONRENOVATEDMEMORIAL PLAZAEXISTING HCENTRY/ EXITREMOVE EXISTING NRTA & VISITOR'S CENTER%8,/',1*672$//2:)251(:“6)TWO STORY ADDITIONxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxNEW EXITRENOVATION OF EXISTING 20 S.WATER STREET BUILDING “*6) BROWN LINDQUIST FENUCCIO & RABERARCHITECTS, INC.20 SOUTH WATER STREET STUDY01 . 28 . 2011NANTUCKET, MACONCEPTUAL SCHEME "D" - "THE FULL CONSOLIDATION SCHEME" BROAD STREETSOUTH WATER STREET CHESTNUT STREETFEDERAL S T R E E T MENWOMENNEW CORRIDOR CONNECTION ENTRY TO PUBLICRESTROOMSMECH.STOR.STOR.NRTATAXASSESSOREXT'G TAX COLLECTORBREAKROOMSHERRIFFPLANNING OFFICENEW EXITNEW CORRIDOR CONNECTION MENWOMENVISITOR'SCENTERFIRST FLOOREXPANDEDTOWN CLERK'SSPACEEXT'G REGISTRYOF DEEDEXT'GSTORAGEEXT'G MECHANICALROOMEXT'G CONFERENCEROOMELEV.ELEV.MECH.ROOMASSISTANT TOWNMANAGEREXT'G TOWNADMINISTRATORSECRETARYEXT'G TOWNADMINISTRATOREXT'G REGISTRYOF DEEDEXT'GVAULTEXT'G CORRIDOREXT'G REGISTRYOF DEEDEXT'GVAULTEXT'GVAULTEXT'GVAULTPROCUREMENTEXT'G CORRIDOREXT'G TAXASSESSORRELOCATED TONEW ADDITIONEXT'G ASST. TOWNMANAGER RELOCATEDWITHIN BUILDINGEXT'G TAXASSESSOR'SOFFICENEW SHERIFFENTRYSTAIRSELEV.BUILDING DEPARTMENTEXT'GVAULTPLANNING OFFICESTOR.EXT'G PROCUREMENT& LICENSINGEXT'G WOMEN'SROOM RELOCATED TONEW ADDITION.EXT'G MEN'S ROOMRELOCATED TO NEWADDITION.OFFICE SPACECIRCULATIONTOWN CLERK'S OFFICEx“6)x“6)x“6)TOWN & COUNTY BUILDINGASST. TOWN MANAGERx“6)PROCUREMENTx“6)STORAGEx“6)EXT'G TAX ASSESSOR'SOFFICEx“6)SHERIFFSUPPORT SPACECIRCULATIONx“6)x“6)x“6)x“6)VISITOR'S CENTERNRTAx“6)VISITOR'S CENTERx“6)PUBLIC RESTROOMSx“6)MECH./STORAGEx“6)x“6)FINANCE OFFICES20 S. WATER STREETTAX ASSESSORx“6)OFFICE SPACEPLANNING DEPARTMENTx“6)x“6)BUILDING DEPARTMENTx“6)BROWN LINDQUIST FENUCCIO & RABERARCHITECTS, INC.20 SOUTH WATER STREET STUDY01 . 28 . 2011NANTUCKET, MACONCEPTUAL SCHEME "D" - "THE FULL CONSOLIDATION SCHEME" BROAD STREETSOUTH WATER STREET CHESTNUT STREETFEDERAL S T R E E TEXT'G RMVREVISED SECURITYCHECKPOINTWOMENNEW CORRIDOR CONNECTION UNISEXBATHROOMROOMEXT'G SUPERIORCLERKEXT'GVAULTEXT'GCLOSETEXT'GPROBATEEXT'GJURYELEV.ELEV.MECH. RMEXT'GOFFICEEXT'GCOURTROOMEXT'G JUDGE &JUVENILESEXT'GCORRIDOREXT'G DISTRICTCLERKEXT'GJUDGEEXT'GSTORAGEEXT'GCLOSETEXT'GVAULTNEWOFFICEEXT'G SHERIFFRELOCATED TO20 S. WATER ST.EXT'G MEN'SBATHROOMRELOCATED TONEW ADDITION.MENMENWOMENHEALTH DEPT.HUMANRESOURCESHUMAN &SOCIALSERVICESFINANCECOMMONFILE ROOMHDCCONFERENCE RM.CON. COMM.STORAGEFINANCEELEV.SECOND FLOORx“6)OFFICE SPACETOWN & COUNTY BUILDINGCIRCULATIONx“6)x“6)FINANCE OFFICESCOMMON FILE RM.SUPPORT SPACECIRCULATIONx“6)x“6)x“6)OFFICE SPACEHDCx“6)HUMAN & SOCIAL SERVICESx“6)x“6)HEALTH DEPARTMENTx“6)20 S. WATER STREETHUMAN RESOURCESx“6)CON. COMM.x“6)STORAGEx“6)CONFERENCE RM.x“6)BROWN LINDQUIST FENUCCIO & RABERARCHITECTS, INC.20 SOUTH WATER STREET STUDY01 . 28 . 2011NANTUCKET, MACONCEPTUAL SCHEME "D" - "THE FULL CONSOLIDATION SCHEME" BROAD STREETSOUTH WATER STREET CHESTNUT STREETFEDERAL STRE E T CONSIDER SALE/ OR LEASE OF THE EXISTING20 S. WATER STREET BUILDING FOR MOREPUBLIC USE (IE; RETAIL W/ HOUSING ABOVE)EXISTING TOWN & COUNTY BUILDINGREUSE/ REPROGRAM VACANT SPACESEXISTING HCENTRY/ EXITREMOVE EXISTING NRTA & VISITOR'S CENTER BUILDINGS &216758&7“6)7:26725<$'',7,21CONNECTED TO TOWN HALLRENOVATEDMEMORIAL PLAZANEW INTERNALCORRIDORCONNECTIONxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxBROWN LINDQUIST FENUCCIO & RABERARCHITECTS, INC.20 SOUTH WATER STREET STUDY01 . 28 . 2011NANTUCKET, MACONCEPTUAL SCHEME "E" - "OUT OF THE BOX SCHEME" BROAD STREETSOUTH WATER STREET CHESTNUT STREETFEDERAL S T R E E T ENTRY TO PUBLICRESTROOMSMECH.EXT'G TAX COLLECTOREXT'GVAULTFIRST FLOOREXPANDEDTOWN CLERK'SSPACEEXT'G REGISTRYOF DEEDEXT'GSTORAGEEXT'G CONFERENCEROOMELEV.ELEV.MECH.ROOMASSISTANT TOWNMANAGEREXT'G TOWNMANAGER'SSECRETARYEXT'G TOWNMANAGEREXT'G REGISTRYOF DEEDEXT'GVAULTEXT'G CORRIDOREXT'G REGISTRYOF DEEDEXT'GVAULTEXT'GVAULTEXT'GVAULTLICENSINGPROCUREMENTEXT'G CORRIDOREXT'G TAXASSESSORRELOCATED TONEW ADDITIONEXT'G PROCUREMENTRELOCATED WITHINBUILDINGEXT'G ASST. TOWNMANAGER RELOCATEDWITHIN BUILDINGEXT'G WOMEN'SROOM RELOCATEDTO NEW ADDITIONEXT'G MEN 'S ROOMRELOCATED TO NEWADDITIONSTORAGEEXT'G TAXASSESSOR'SOFFICEMENWOMENPUBLICMEN'SPUBLICWOMEN'SVISITOR'SCENTERSHERRIFF(OR POSSIBLE OTHER USE)TAXASSESSORNEW ENTRY/ EXITSTAIRHUMANRESOURCESNRTAMECH.NEW CORRIDOR CONNECTION CONSIDER SALE/ OR LEASE OF THE EXISTING20 S. WATER STREET BUILDING FOR MOREPUBLIC USE (IE; RETAIL W/ HOUSING ABOVE)NOTE: IF 20 S. WATER STREET IS RETAINED/ SHERIFF COULDREMAIN WITHIN A " LEASED BUILDING" AND THIS SPACE ATADDITION WOULD BE AVAILABLE FOR OTHER USES.TOWN & COUNTY BUILDINGOFFICE SPACECIRCULATIONTOWN CLERK'S OFFICEx“6)LICENSINGx“6)x“6)x“6)ASST. TOWN MANAGERx“6)PROCUREMENTx“6)STORAGEx“6)EXT'G TAX ASSESSOR'SOFFICEx“6)BROWN LINDQUIST FENUCCIO & RABERARCHITECTS, INC.20 SOUTH WATER STREET STUDY01 . 28 . 2011NANTUCKET, MACONCEPTUAL SCHEME "E" - "OUT OF THE BOX SCHEME" BROAD STREETSOUTH WATER STREET CHESTNUT STREETFEDERAL ST R E E TNEWCONFERENCE RM.EXT'G RMVREVISED SECURITYCHECKPOINTMENWOMENHUMAN &SOCIALSERVICESEXITSTAIROFFICEBREAKROOMFINANCEFINANCENEW CORRIDORCONNECTIONEXT'G SUPERIORCLERKEXT'GCLOSETEXT'GPROBATEEXT'GJURYELEV.ELEV.MECH.ROOMEXT'G OFFICEEXT'G COURTROOMEXT'G JUDGE &JUVENILESEXT'G CORRIDOREXT'G DISTRICTCLERKEXT'GJUDGEEXT'GWOMEN'SROOMEXT'GSTORAGEEXT'GVAULTSECOND FLOOREXT'G SHERIFF'SOFFICE RELOCATEDTO 20 S. WATER ST.EXT'GVAULTEXT'GSTORAGEEXT'G MEN'S ROOMRELOCATED TO NEWADDITIONCONSIDER SALE/ OR LEASE OF THE EXISTING20 S. WATER STREET BUILDING FOR MOREPUBLIC USE (IE; RETAIL W/ HOUSING ABOVE)TOWN & COUNTY BUILDINGx“6)SUPPORT SPACECIRCULATIONx“6)x“6)FINANCE OFFICESSUPPORT SPACECIRCULATIONx“6)x“6)OFFICE SPACEHUMAN & SOCIAL SERVICESx“6)OFFICEx“6)x“6)NEW ADDITIONBREAK ROOMx“6)BROWN LINDQUIST FENUCCIO & RABERARCHITECTS, INC.20 SOUTH WATER STREET STUDY01 . 28 . 2011NANTUCKET, MACONCEPTUAL SCHEME "E" - "OUT OF THE BOX SCHEME"